課程

本實驗室人員應從大一開始培養以下基礎能力:數學、力學、光學與實驗物理。數學基礎能力包括微積分、向量分析、複數與微分方程式求解。力學基礎能力包括量子力學與電動力學(或電磁學)之基本概念與問題分析推導。光學基礎能力包含波的傳播(幾何光學、波動光學、電光、聲光、磁光效應)、傅氏光學、非線性光學與雷射原理。實驗物理基礎能力則是指進行實驗所需的各種技術,例如程式設計、儀器製作、數據分析與繪圖、工程製圖、真空技術、機械加工、電子電路、光學架設、光電元件與儀器、水電氣管路等等。另外英文學術論文寫作的能力也應該及早開始加強。

數學與力學基礎能力可自各校物理系、電機系、光電系課程選修。光學基礎能力則可以從本實驗室老師開授的「光學」(大三或大四)或「雷射物理與超快光學」(大三、大四、研究所)課程學習,或自各校物理系、電機系、光電系課程選修,例如台大光電所的「非線性光學」與「傅氏光學」。實驗物理基礎能力可從中大物理系必修「實驗物理」(大一與大二共四學期)課程,或是中研院的「近代實驗技術」(研究所)課程學習。英文能力建議去上各校語言中心所開授的英文寫作課程,並盡量在撰寫與報告執行計畫的時候,練習使用英文。

專業課程,請修習本實驗室老師開授的「雷射物理與超快光學」、「強場雷射技術」與「雷射電漿物理」課程。

  • 實驗物理 (I)(II)

    授課系所:中大物理系(大一、大二必修共四學期)

  • 近代實驗技術

    授課系所:中央研究院 Molecular Science and Technology 國際研究生學程
    授課教師:汪治平、宋克嘉、倪其焜、王俊凱、林志民
    [課程簡介]

  • 光學 (I)(II)

    授課系所:中大物理系 (大三、大四選修共二學期)
    授課教師:朱旭新
    [課程簡介]

  • 雷射物理與超快光學 (I)(II)

    授課系所:台大物理系及中大物理系 (大三、大四選修共二學期)
    授課教師:汪治平
    [課程簡介] [教材下載]

  • 強場雷射技術

    授課系所:中大物理系 (研究所選修)
    授課教師:朱旭新
    [課程簡介]

  • 雷射電漿物理

    授課系所:中大物理系 (研究所選修)
    授課教師:陳賜原
    [課程簡介]


課程簡介

  • 近代實驗技術

    Modern Experimental Techniques, Elective Course, credit: 2.
    Time: 13:10–15:00 Wednesday, 10:10–12:00 Thursday
    Room: IAMS R209
    Course No.: TIGP722100
    Course Outline:
    1. Vacuum Technology
    2. Optics , Lasers, and Detection
    3. Basic Charged Particle Optics
    4. Basic Electronics

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  • 光學 (I)(II)
    Outline of Optics (I)
    1. Geometrical optics
      (1) Fermat’s principle
      (2) ray tracing: matrix method
      (3) GRIN systems and eikonal equation
    2. Wave optics
      (1) wave equation and Huygens’s principle
      (2) harmonic waves and complex representation
      (3) plane waves, spherical waves, and cylindrical waves
    3. Electromagnetic optics
      (1) Maxwell’s equations and electromagnetic waves
      (2) polarization and Jones vectors
      (3) energy, momentum, and angular momentum
      (4) reflection and refraction
      (5) refractive index: Lorentz model
      (6) anomalous dispersion and absorption
      (7) conducting material
    4. Birefringence
      (1) anisotropic material
      (2) Fresnel’s equation
      (3) retarders
      (4) optical activity and Faraday effect
    5. Dispersion
      (1) superposition of waves and Fourier transform
      (2) optical pulse and chirp
      (3) band-pass filtering and group-delay dispersion
    6. Interference
      (1) general consideration and double-slit interference
      (2) Michelson and Mach-Zehnder interferometer
      (3) interference by single and multilayer films
      (4) multiple refraction and Fabry-Perot interferometer
    7. Coherence
      (1) temporal coherence
      (2) collision-broadened light source
      (3) power spectrum and temporal coherence
      (4) measurement of temporal coherence: Michelson interferometer
      (5) spatial coherence and double-slit interference
    Outline of Optics (II)
    1. Diffraction
      (1) from wave equation to Huygens’s principle: Kirchhoff diffraction theory
      (2) paraxial approximation: Fresnel diffraction
      (3) spatial Fourier transform and plane wave expansion
      (4) lens and spatial filtering
      (5) far-field approximation: Fraunhofer diffraction
    2. Beam optics
      (1) paraxial approximation and Gaussian beams
      (2) properties of Gaussian beams
      (3) propagation of Gaussian beams
      (4) Bessel beams
    3. Scattering
      (1) Rayleigh scattering
      (2) scattering due to density fluctuation
      (3) acousto-optic effect
      (4) Raman scattering
    4. Optical waveguides
      (1) optical fiber
      (2) plasma waveguide
      (3) hollow-fiber waveguide
      (4) waveguide dispersion
    5. Basic nonlinear optics
      (1) Pockels effect (electro-optic effect)
      (2) sum-frequency generation
      (3) difference frequency genergation
      (4) Kerr effect
      (5) phase conjugation
      (6) phase matching
      (7) parametric amplification
    6. Optical detection
      (1) photomultiplier and multi-channel plate
      (2) photodiode
      (3) photo-resistor
      (4) pyrometric detector
      (5) charge-coupled device
      (6) photographic film
      (7) grating spectrometer
      (8) homodyne and hetrodyne detection
      (9) photon counting and shot noise
    7. Introduction of laser
      (1) Einstein’s theory of stimulated emission
      (2) laser rate equations
      (3) gas laser
      (4) excimer laser
      (5) solid-state laser
      (6) semi-conductor laser

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  • 雷射物理與超快光學 (I)(II)
    Outline of Laser Physics and Ultrafast Optics (I)
    1. Photons and Radiation
    2. Quantum Theory of Radiation
    3. Interaction between Radiation and Matter
    4. Amplification of Light
    5. Optical Resonators
    6. Quantum Theory of Lasers
    7. Common Lasers
    8. Coherent Interaction with Two-Level Systems
    Outline of Laser Physics and Ultrafast Optics (II)
    1. Laser Dynamics
    2. Pulse Propagation through Linear Media
    3. Active Mode-Locking
    4. Pulse Propagation through Nonlinear Media
    5. Passive Mode-Locking
    6. Amplifiers for Ultrashort Pulses
    7. Ultrafast Waveform Measurement

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  • 強場雷射技術
    Outline of High-Power Laser Technology
    1. fundamental optics
    2. femtosecond oscillator
    3. chirped-pulse amplification
    4. application of ultrashort high-power lasers
    舊版教材 (陳賜原老師授課)

    Part I: 基礎光學 (Fundamental Optics)

    1. 電磁波的傳播 [教材下載]
    2. 傅氏轉換與傅氏光學 [教材下載]
    3. 非線性光學 [教材下載]
    4. 雷射振盪器 [教材下載]

    Part II: 強場雷射技術 (High-field laser technology)

    1. 高強度雷射系統基本架構 [教材下載]
    2. 飛秒脈衝鎖模雷射振盪器 [教材下載]
    3. 載波波包相位控制 [教材下載]
    4. 雷射前級放大器(8通放大器)與雷射脈衝選擇器(清潔器) [教材下載]
    5. 雷射前級放大器(再生放大器) [教材下載]
    6. 雷射後級放大器(功率放大器)與空間濾波器 [教材下載]
    7. 雷射脈衝延展器與壓縮器、整體色散補償 [教材下載]
    8. 超快脈衝清潔器、轉頻器、與非線性效應控制 [教材下載]
    9. 整體電控與線上監控系統 [教材下載]
    10. 雷射時間波形控制與診斷 [教材下載]
    11. 雷射空間波形控制與診斷 [教材下載]
    12. 銣釔鋁石榴石雷射技術 [教材下載]

    Part III: 附錄 (Appendix)

    1. 光學元件 [教材下載]
    2. 光電儀器 [教材下載]
    3. 計算模擬程式 [教材下載]

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  • 雷射電漿物理
    Outline of Laser-Plasma Physics

    Part I: 雷射電漿交互作用 (Laser-plasma interaction)

    1. 電磁波在電漿中之傳播與電子在電磁波中之反應 [教材下載]
    2. 雷射電漿動力學 [教材下載]
    3. 強場電漿非線性光學 [教材下載]
    4. 電漿不穩定機制與電漿波激發 [教材下載]
    5. 電漿波之衰減 [教材下載]
    6. 雷射電漿基本控制與診斷技術 [教材下載]

    Part II: 雷射電漿粒子與光子源 (Laser-plasma particle and photon sources)

    1. 電子加速器 [教材下載]
    2. 硬X光脈衝桌上型自由電子雷射 [教材下載]
    3. 中紅外光脈衝光源與兆赫茲脈衝光源 [教材下載]
    4. X光雷射 [教材下載]
    5. 高階諧波X光脈衝 [教材下載]
    6. 白光產生與深紫外光脈衝光源
    7. 質子加速器與中子脈衝源

    參考資訊 [教材下載]

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